Computer science buzzwords explained

academics computer science
By Jule

Computer science can be intimidating! Especially when people use lingo you aren’t familiar with. The goal of this blog post is to help you start understanding some of the computer science buzzwords.

Artificial Intelligence or AI

This refers to the creation of computer programs that are smart. Yes, it is as vague as it sounds. Who decides what counts as smart? The truth is, everyone has their own definition. It can mean that the computer program is doing high level computations and learning, or it can mean it’s a computer program that can count. 

Machine Learning or ML

Machine learning is a subfield of artificial intelligence. It refers to a computer that learns, usually from large data sets. This is a very popular field right now! It has been used to teach a computer how to beat the world champion in chess and is currently being used to train cars how to drive. One way to do machine learning is with a neural network. 

Neural Networks

This is a type of machine learning! It consists of neurons (sort of like the ones we have in our brain) and the connections between neurons. In basic terms, neural networks use math to learn patterns from input in order to make decisions later. For example, people have trained a neural network to identify objects in images. If you have google photos you can search for items like a tree and it will use a neural network to identify all your photos that have a tree in them. It’s pretty awesome! 

Deep learning

This is a neural network with multiple layers. Basically a more complex neural network that can be used to do more complex tasks. One application of deep learning is being able to find and identify text in an image and then translate it to another language.

These definitions are just scratching the surface. All of these terms/fields are studied in depth by people around the world. There are also many college courses around many of these buzzwords. If you are interested in learning more I recommend starting with an introduction to AI course! 

Jule graduated from the University of Michigan with a BSE in Computer Science and a minor in Art and Design. She continued on to the PhD program at U of M, studying computer science and specializing in artificial intelligence.

Comments

topicTopics
academics study skills MCAT medical school admissions SAT college admissions expository writing English MD/PhD admissions strategy writing LSAT GMAT GRE physics chemistry math biology graduate admissions academic advice ACT interview prep law school admissions test anxiety language learning career advice premed MBA admissions personal statements homework help AP exams creative writing MD study schedules test prep computer science Common Application summer activities history mathematics philosophy organic chemistry secondary applications economics supplements research 1L PSAT admissions coaching grammar law psychology statistics & probability legal studies ESL dental admissions CARS SSAT covid-19 logic games reading comprehension engineering USMLE calculus mentorship PhD admissions Spanish parents Latin biochemistry case coaching verbal reasoning DAT English literature STEM excel medical school political science skills AMCAS French Linguistics MBA coursework Tutoring Approaches academic integrity chinese letters of recommendation mechanical engineering Anki DO Social Advocacy admissions advice algebra art history artificial intelligence astrophysics business careers cell biology classics dental school diversity statement gap year genetics geometry kinematics linear algebra mental health presentations quantitative reasoning study abroad tech industry technical interviews time management work and activities 2L DMD IB exams ISEE MD/PhD programs Sentence Correction adjusting to college algorithms amino acids analysis essay athletics business skills cold emails data science finance first generation student functions graphing information sessions international students internships logic networking poetry resume revising science social sciences software engineering trigonometry writer's block 3L AAMC Academic Interest EMT FlexMed Fourier Series Greek Health Professional Shortage Area Italian Lagrange multipliers London MD vs PhD MMI Montessori National Health Service Corps Pythagorean Theorem Python Shakespeare Step 2 TMDSAS Taylor Series Truss Analysis Zoom acids and bases active learning architecture argumentative writing art art and design schools art portfolios bacteriology bibliographies biomedicine brain teaser campus visits cantonese capacitors capital markets central limit theorem centrifugal force chemical engineering chess chromatography class participation climate change clinical experience community service constitutional law consulting cover letters curriculum dementia demonstrated interest dimensional analysis distance learning econometrics electric engineering electricity and magnetism escape velocity evolution executive function fellowships freewriting genomics harmonics health policy history of medicine history of science hybrid vehicles hydrophobic effect ideal gas law immunology induction infinite institutional actions integrated reasoning intermolecular forces intern investing investment banking lab reports linear maps mandarin chinese matrices mba medical physics meiosis microeconomics mitosis mnemonics music music theory nervous system neurology neuroscience object-oriented programming office hours