Crafting a Strong Thesis Statement

creative writing expository writing
By Kannan

thesisThere are few concepts in essay-writing more important—and confusing, to the uninitiated—than the thesis statement. Let's start out with what it's not:

-It's not your personal reaction to the text.

-It's not a summary, synopsis, or main idea, of the text.

The good news is, both of these things—your personal reaction, and the main idea of the text—are great starting-points on the road to crafting a strong thesis.

So, now that we're clear on what a thesis isn't, let's come up with a simple working definition of what it is. Here's my best stab: It an argument stating how the text does what it does.

We know that novels, stories, poems do a lot of things, in a lot of ways—the point of a thesis is not to cover all the bases. The narrower your focus, the better. If you look closely, our definition implies two halves to a thesis: the how half, and the what half.


Remember when we said that your personal reaction can help you think your way to a strong thesis? Here's where to pay close attention to how some aspect (think narrow—one scene, a few lines) of the text made you feel. Confused? Amused? Bored? Chances are, all these reader reactions can be accounted for by techniques the author has used. Let's look at the famous last lines of Katherine Mansfield's story, The Garden Party.

Isn't life,” she stammered, “isn't life—” But what life was she couldn't explain. No matter. He quite understood.

Isn't it, darling?” said Laurie.

The End. Feel lost, like you're missing something? What is life? Why won't Mansfield tell us? And why does Laurie seem to know exactly what she is talking about, when we don't? Let's translate our befuddlement into authorial technique. How about: Mansfield leaves things out in order to... More specific: Mansfield uses omission within dialogue in order to... Or, with regard to Laurie: Mansfield privileges character comprehension above reader comprehension in order to...


In order to what? Now we come to the second half of the thesis: what is our chosen technique accomplishing in the text? Here's where your main idea skills come in handy. What is the text about? For The Garden Party we might say: It's about a young girl's first exposure to death. How can we link the how half to the what half? How about: Mansfield uses omission within dialogue to depict a young girl's first exposure to death. Now check your claim: does it make sense? Is that really what omission is doing here? Or is it doing something more specific? How about: Mansfield uses omission within dialogue in order to depict the mystery of death for a young girl. Notice how much narrower this claim is than the previous one. But it also seems to make more sense: omission does create mystery. The next question is: can you find more textual evidence to support your claim? If so, great! If not, try another statement. Thesis-making is a trial-and-error process. But eventually, crafting one hypothetical statement after another, testing it for logic, searching the text for supporting evidence, you'll come up with a convincing, narrow argument about how the text does what it does.

Writing is one of the primary skills required of high school and college students, yet rarely is it taught well. That’s why our writing tutors are published authors, MFA graduates, and Ph.D candidates in the humanities who have devoted years to learning how to teach their craft.

Our goal is to help our students become confident and independent academic writers. We teach students how to perform systematic research, create outlines, revise effectively, and appropriately cite sources. Moreover, we work hard to teach students why these things are important, and how to enjoy doing them.  We work with students in the context of formal courses, but we are also happy to create bespoke writing tutorials for students who need outside assistance or would like to practice during vacations from school. We also support students preparing to sit for the Writing section of the SAT, GRE, GMAT, TOEFL, or any other standardized exam.

In addition to helping students learn how to structure and communicate their thoughts in writing, our expository writing tutors will help you craft exciting, successful admissions essays, and beat standardized exams that test verbal skills. We have helped countless students shape their application narratives and transform their stories into compelling pieces of writing.

Contact us!

Want to learn more about expository writing? Check out our previous posts below.

Five strategies to improve your writing

Breaking Down the Writing Process: 5 Tips

What’s a Thesis Statement?


academics study skills MCAT medical school admissions SAT expository writing English college admissions GRE GMAT MD/PhD admissions LSAT chemistry math strategy writing physics ACT biology language learning graduate admissions law school admissions test anxiety MBA admissions homework help creative writing AP exams MD interview prep summer activities history academic advice philosophy career advice premed personal statements study schedules ESL economics grammar PSAT admissions coaching law organic chemistry statistics & probability computer science psychology SSAT covid-19 secondary applications 1L CARS legal studies logic games USMLE calculus dental admissions parents reading comprehension Latin Spanish engineering research DAT excel political science French Linguistics Tutoring Approaches chinese DO MBA coursework Social Advocacy academic integrity case coaching classics diversity statement genetics kinematics skills verbal reasoning ISEE MD/PhD programs algebra business business skills careers geometry medical school mental health social sciences trigonometry work and activities 2L 3L Anki EMT English literature FlexMed Fourier Series Greek IB exams Italian PhD admissions STEM Sentence Correction Zoom amino acids analysis essay architecture art history artificial intelligence astrophysics athletics biochemistry capital markets cell biology central limit theorem chemical engineering chromatography climate change clinical experience constitutional law curriculum data science dental school distance learning enrichment european history finance first generation student fun facts functions gap year harmonics health policy history of medicine history of science information sessions institutional actions integrated reasoning international students investing investment banking mba meiosis mentorship mitosis music music theory neurology phrase structure rules plagiarism poetry presentations pseudocode quantitative reasoning school selection sociology software software engineering teaching tech industry transfer typology units virtual interviews writing circles