GMAT Verbal time and resource management

GMAT study skills
By Dmitry

There are two fundamental rules if you want to do well on the GMAT:

  • Rule 1: Do not leave any questions unanswered
  • Rule 2: Do not resort to guessing for the slew of questions at the end

Here are some tips to navigating the GMAT Verbal:

Use the time keeping template below

Write out four rows of A-E, and subtract 7 minutes from the previous time. This budgets 7 minutes for every 4 questions. This will help you understand your pace and try to stay on pace. Having the answer choices written out will also make it easy to cross off incorrect answers and more quickly wrap your head around what is left. It will also be obvious when you have eliminated everything and left only one answer choice. See a sample template at the bottom of this blog post!

Do not guess on the first five

Try to work efficiently, but take extra care here to make sure you do your best to answer the first five correctly. This will set the algorithm at a higher testing level from the beginning and make it that much harder to fall into the “easy zone” where points can be lost. 

Remember, other than unanswered questions, the thing that hurts your score the most is wrong answers on easy questions. This is what this entire strategy is designed to avoid. If you notice from experience that you are looking at an easy question, take extra care to make sure you answer it correctly. Conversely, if you notice this is a particularly hard question, do not be afraid to guess on it.

When you guess, guess strategically

When you have to guess (and you will have to guess), you must guess strategically. Never guess on the first five questions, and, ideally, do not guess all at the end of the exam. After the first five questions, use your own knowledge of the exam and yourself to identify a question that is particularly difficult for you, that you either know you cannot get right or that will take too much time to get right. Be honest with yourself and don’t be a perfectionist; remember the test is DESIGNED so that you guess. This means you have to be a good manager about which questions you guess on (for example, guessing 5 in a row almost guarantees getting an easy question wrong and destroying your score). 

The GMAT truly is a management test. Opportunity costs are fundamental in economics and they’re fundamental to good management. Even more than testing your math or English knowledge, the GMAT tests whether you are a good manager. Can you identify good vs bad opportunities, and do you have the discipline to not pursue bad opportunities in order to have more resources (time and energy) for the good opportunities? This is why they give this exam to prospective business and management students.

space your guesses out as much as possible

Do not guess two questions back to back. If  you just guessed on a question, you just bought yourself 90 seconds and lowered the difficulty of the algorithm. In order to avoid getting easy questions wrong, do not let your difficulty get too low by getting too many wrong in a row. Spend some of the time you just gained to ensure the next question is correct to the best of your ability.

If you are unlucky and get two questions in a row that you find difficult (the first because it is difficult, the second that is easier but in a subject area that is weaker for you), use the time left to determine whether you should invest here. 

If time and the type of question force you to guess two in a row, make SURE you do everything you can to get the 3rd question correct, and then move on.

The Art of guessing (Summarized)

Guessing is a result of a relationship between the test, yourself, and time. And like so much of the test, it is determined by your attention and your mentality.

If you identify a question as particularly difficult for you and you are 10 minutes behind pace based on the time keeping template – this is the ideal situation for a guess. Remember, each question is roughly 2 minutes (1 minute 45 seconds exactly), so 10 minutes behind is 5 guesses at the end and a guaranteed lower score. This is why this time template is a lifesaver: it lets you know exactly where you are at all times so you can make intelligent, informed decisions.

If a question is particularly difficult but you are two minutes ahead of schedule, you can take time to try to get it right. It is ok to choose to guess here as well to ensure you stay on pace (as you never know what will come next), but if you get super ahead of pace, spend some of that time since it is of no value to you after the test. 

Paying attention to the pace, and to the difficulty of the question are key here. Noticing a particularly easy question means DO NOT GUESS. A particularly hard one? Guess. Ahead of time? Don’t guess unless you want to. Behind pace? Guess to get back on pace (but do not guess twice in a row).

You will get a feel and instinct for it with practice. The key other than attention, is mentality and discipline. Let go of pride, let go of perfectionism. Good luck and good guessing!



Dmitry studied French, German, and Political Science at Middlebury College, graduating magna cum laude and a Dana Scholar. Three semesters studying abroad in Paris and Berlin solidified his lifelong love of Europe. Subsequently, he completed a Master’s in Development Economics at the Sorbonne in Paris.


academics study skills MCAT medical school admissions SAT expository writing college admissions English MD/PhD admissions strategy writing LSAT GMAT GRE physics chemistry math biology graduate admissions ACT academic advice interview prep law school admissions test anxiety language learning premed MBA admissions career advice personal statements homework help AP exams creative writing MD study schedules test prep Common Application computer science summer activities history philosophy mathematics organic chemistry secondary applications economics supplements research 1L PSAT admissions coaching grammar law psychology statistics & probability legal studies ESL CARS SSAT covid-19 dental admissions logic games reading comprehension engineering USMLE calculus PhD admissions Spanish mentorship parents Latin biochemistry case coaching verbal reasoning DAT English literature STEM excel medical school political science AMCAS French Linguistics MBA coursework Tutoring Approaches academic integrity chinese letters of recommendation Anki DO Social Advocacy admissions advice algebra astrophysics business classics diversity statement genetics geometry kinematics linear algebra mechanical engineering mental health presentations quantitative reasoning skills study abroad technical interviews time management work and activities 2L DMD IB exams ISEE MD/PhD programs Sentence Correction adjusting to college algorithms amino acids analysis essay art history artificial intelligence athletics business skills careers cold emails data science dental school finance first generation student functions gap year information sessions international students internships logic networking poetry resume revising science social sciences software engineering tech industry trigonometry writer's block 3L AAMC Academic Interest EMT FlexMed Fourier Series Greek Health Professional Shortage Area Italian Lagrange multipliers London MD vs PhD MMI Montessori National Health Service Corps Pythagorean Theorem Python Shakespeare Step 2 TMDSAS Taylor Series Truss Analysis Zoom acids and bases active learning architecture argumentative writing art art and design schools art portfolios bibliographies biomedicine brain teaser campus visits cantonese capacitors capital markets cell biology central limit theorem centrifugal force chemical engineering chess chromatography class participation climate change clinical experience community service constitutional law consulting cover letters curriculum dementia demonstrated interest dimensional analysis distance learning econometrics electric engineering electricity and magnetism escape velocity evolution executive function freewriting genomics graphing harmonics health policy history of medicine history of science hybrid vehicles hydrophobic effect ideal gas law immunology induction infinite institutional actions integrated reasoning intermolecular forces intern investing investment banking lab reports linear maps mandarin chinese matrices mba medical physics meiosis microeconomics mitosis mnemonics music music theory nervous system neurology neuroscience object-oriented programming office hours operating systems organization